Blue Card for Refugees Germany: A Pathway to Skilled Employment

Understanding the Blue Card for Refugees in Germany

If you are a refugee in Germany, you may be eligible for a Blue Card, which is a residence permit that allows you to work and live in Germany. The Blue Card is a type of EU residence permit for highly skilled workers and is intended to attract professionals from outside the EU to work in Europe. However, refugees who meet the requirements can also apply for the Blue Card.

To be eligible for the Blue Card, you must have a recognized degree or vocational qualification and a job offer that pays at least €55,200 per year (as of 2023). You must also be able to support yourself and any family members who will be joining you in Germany.

Once you have been granted a Blue Card, you can work and live in Germany for up to four years. After that, you can apply for a permanent residence permit. The Blue Card also allows you to travel within the EU for up to 90 days in any 180-day period.

To apply for a Blue Card, you must first apply for protection status in Germany. This means that you must apply for asylum or another form of protection, such as subsidiary protection or humanitarian protection. You can apply for protection status at the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF).

If you are granted protection status, you can then apply for the Blue Card at the immigration authority (Ausländerbehörde) in the city or region where you will be living and working. You will need to provide proof of your qualifications, your job offer, and your ability to support yourself.

It is important to note that the Blue Card is not a guarantee of permanent residency or citizenship. You will still need to comply with German immigration law and meet the requirements for permanent residency or citizenship if you wish to stay in Germany long-term.

If you need help understanding the Blue Card or navigating the immigration process in Germany, there are many counselling centres and organizations that can provide assistance. These organizations can help you understand your rights and responsibilities, find housing and employment, and connect with other resources in your community.

Eligibility Criteria for the Blue Card

If you are a refugee in Germany and looking to apply for a Blue Card, there are certain eligibility criteria that you need to meet. In this section, we will discuss the qualifications and skills, job offer and salary requirements, and language proficiency that are required for obtaining a Blue Card.

Qualifications and Skills

To be eligible for a Blue Card, you must hold a university degree or a professional qualification. This degree or qualification must be recognized in Germany and should be equivalent to a German degree. The degree should be in a field related to mathematics, natural sciences, engineering, computer science, medicine, human medicine, or dentistry. If you do not hold a university degree, you must have at least five years of professional experience in a field related to your job offer.

Job Offer and Salary Requirements

You must have a job offer from a German employer that is relevant to your qualifications and skills. The job offer should be for a period of at least one year, and it should meet the salary requirements. The minimum annual salary for 2023 is €56,800. However, for certain professions, such as scientists and engineers, the minimum salary requirement is €44,304. The gross annual salary mentioned in the work contract should be at least 80% of the gross annual salary in comparable positions in Germany.

Language Proficiency

You must have a good knowledge of either German or English to be eligible for a Blue Card. You should be able to communicate effectively in the language of your choice, both orally and in writing. You can prove your language proficiency by submitting a language certificate or by taking a language test.

In summary, to be eligible for a Blue Card as a refugee in Germany, you need to have a recognized university degree or professional qualification, a job offer that meets the salary requirements, and a good knowledge of either German or English.

Application Process for the Blue Card

If you are a refugee in Germany and you have a higher education degree, you may be eligible for a Blue Card. The Blue Card is a work and residence permit that allows you to work and live in Germany for up to four years. Here are the steps to apply for a Blue Card:

Initial Steps

Before you can apply for a Blue Card, you need to make sure that you meet the eligibility criteria. You must have a recognized higher education degree, such as a bachelor’s or master’s degree, and a job offer that pays at least €56,800 per year (as of 2023). You also need to have a valid passport and a residence permit.

To apply for a Blue Card, you need to make an appointment at your local immigration office. You can find the contact information for your local immigration office on the website of the Federal Office for Migration and Refugees (BAMF).

Accelerated Procedure for Skilled Workers

If you are a highly skilled worker, you may be eligible for an accelerated procedure. This means that your application will be processed faster, and you may not need to provide as much documentation. To be eligible for the accelerated procedure, you must have a job offer that pays at least €44,304 per year (as of 2023) and you must work in a field that has a shortage of skilled workers.

Health Insurance Requirement

To apply for a Blue Card, you must have health insurance that meets the requirements of the German government. This means that your health insurance must cover all medical expenses, including hospitalization, and must be valid in Germany. If you do not have health insurance, you can purchase it from a German health insurance company.

Family Reunification

If you have family members who want to join you in Germany, they may be eligible for family reunification. Family members include your spouse, children, and parents. To be eligible for family reunification, your family members must apply for a visa at the German embassy or consulate in their home country. They will need to provide proof of their relationship to you and proof that they have enough money to support themselves in Germany.

Conclusion

The Blue Card is a great opportunity for refugees in Germany who have a higher education degree and a job offer. The application process can be complicated, but if you follow the steps outlined above, you should be able to apply successfully. Remember to make an appointment at your local immigration office, have health insurance that meets the requirements of the German government, and provide all the necessary documentation.

Rights and Benefits of the Blue Card

If you are a refugee in Germany and have been granted a Blue Card, you are entitled to certain rights and benefits. These include residence rights, employment opportunities, and travel privileges.

Residence Rights

The Blue Card gives you a residence title that is valid for four years and can be extended. According to the Residence Act, you have the right of residence in Germany as long as you hold a valid Blue Card. If you have held a Blue Card for at least two years and have been employed for that time, you can apply for a permanent residence permit. This permit allows you to stay in Germany indefinitely and gives you the same rights as German citizens, except for the right to vote.

Employment Opportunities

The Blue Card allows you to work in any professional or skilled job in Germany. You do not need a job offer to apply for a Blue Card, but you must have a university degree or equivalent qualification and a job offer that pays at least €56,800 per year (as of 2023). If you lose your job, you have three months to find a new one. During this time, you can stay in Germany and look for a new job. If you find a new job within this time, you can continue to work in Germany.

Travel Privileges

As a Blue Card holder, you are entitled to a blue passport, which is a travel document for refugees. This passport allows you to travel to other countries without a visa, as long as you have a valid Blue Card and travel document. You can also travel within the EU for up to 90 days without a visa.

In conclusion, the Blue Card offers several benefits to refugees in Germany. It provides residence rights, employment opportunities, and travel privileges that can help you build a new life in Germany. If you are eligible for a Blue Card, it is worth considering as a way to secure your future in Germany.

Blue Card in Other Countries

EU Member States

The EU Blue Card was introduced in 2009 as part of the EU Directive 2009/50/EC. This directive aimed to attract highly qualified workers from non-EU countries to the EU. The Blue Card is valid for up to four years and can be extended.

EU Member States are required to implement the Blue Card directive into their national laws. However, each Member State can decide on the specific regulations for issuing and renewing the Blue Card. For example, in Germany, Blue Card applicants need to have a university degree and a job offer with a minimum salary of €55,200 per year. In Denmark, the minimum salary requirement is DKK 408,000 per year.

Non-EU Countries

Several non-EU countries have their own schemes for attracting highly skilled workers. For example, Australia has the Skilled Independent Visa (subclass 189), Canada has the Federal Skilled Worker Program, Israel has the Highly Skilled Professional Visa, Japan has the Highly Skilled Foreign Professional Visa, and New Zealand has the Skilled Migrant Category Visa.

The United Kingdom used to have the Highly Skilled Migrant Programme, but it was closed in 2011. However, the UK has recently introduced a new points-based immigration system that includes a Global Talent Visa for highly skilled workers.

Outside the EU, the United States of America has the H-1B Visa for highly skilled workers. This visa is valid for up to three years and can be extended for up to six years.

It is worth noting that the regulations for these schemes vary depending on the country. For example, in Canada, applicants are assessed based on a points system that takes into account factors such as age, education, work experience, and language proficiency. In contrast, the US H-1B Visa requires applicants to have a job offer from a US employer and a minimum level of education and work experience.

Overall, the Blue Card is just one of many schemes available for highly skilled workers looking to work in other countries. Each country has its own regulations and requirements, so it is important to research the specific scheme before applying.

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