England’s Immigration from Pakistan: Trends and Statistics

If you are interested in learning about immigration from Pakistan to England, you have come to the right place. Immigration from Pakistan to England has a long history, dating back to the late 1940s when the United Kingdom was facing a severe labor shortage. At that time, the British government invited people from Commonwealth countries, including Pakistan, to come and work in the UK.

Since then, Pakistanis have become one of the largest ethnic minority groups in England. According to the Office for National Statistics, there were an estimated 1.6 million people of Pakistani origin living in England in 2020. The majority of Pakistani immigrants settled in urban areas, such as London, Birmingham, and Manchester, where they formed their own communities and established businesses.

Despite their contributions to British society, Pakistani immigrants have faced many challenges in England, including discrimination, racism, and social exclusion. In recent years, there have been concerns about the integration of Pakistani immigrants and their descendants into British society, as well as the impact of immigration on the economy and public services. In this article, we will explore the history of Pakistani immigration to England, the challenges faced by Pakistani immigrants, and the current state of Pakistani communities in England.

Historical Context of Immigration

Partition of India and Post-Second World War Immigration

The Partition of India in 1947 resulted in the creation of India and Pakistan. This event triggered massive migration in the region, with millions of people moving across the newly drawn borders. Many Muslims migrated to Pakistan, while Hindus and Sikhs moved to India. This mass migration created a significant refugee crisis, with hundreds of thousands of people displaced and in need of resettlement.

In the years following the Second World War, Britain experienced a shortage of labor, and the government actively recruited workers from Commonwealth countries, including Pakistan. Many Pakistanis came to Britain seeking employment opportunities, and the government encouraged their migration to fill the labor gap.

Commonwealth Immigrants Act 1962 and its Impact

In response to growing concerns about immigration, the British government passed the Commonwealth Immigrants Act in 1962. This law restricted immigration from Commonwealth countries, including Pakistan, and introduced new immigration control measures. The Act required immigrants to have a work permit and proof of their ability to support themselves and their families.

The Act had a significant impact on Pakistani immigration to Britain. It reduced the number of Pakistani immigrants and made it more difficult for them to settle in the country. Many Pakistanis who had already settled in Britain faced discrimination and racism, and the Act made it harder for them to bring their families to join them.

Dual Nationality and the British Empire

Pakistan was a part of the British Empire until 1947, and many Pakistanis held British citizenship. After the creation of Pakistan, many Pakistanis retained their British citizenship, and this created a unique situation in which they held dual nationality.

Dual nationality allowed Pakistanis to travel and work freely between Pakistan and Britain. However, it also created tensions and conflicts between the two countries, and the British government eventually passed laws to restrict dual nationality.

Overall, the historical context of Pakistani immigration to England has been shaped by a complex set of factors, including the Partition of India, the Second World War, the British Empire, and changing immigration laws. These factors have influenced the number of immigrants, their ability to settle and integrate, and their relationship with the British government and society.

Demographics and Statistics

Pakistani Population in England

As of 2021, Pakistanis are the second-largest non-British nationality group in England, with a population of over 1.5 million. This makes up around 2.7% of the total population of England. The majority of Pakistanis in England are concentrated in urban areas, with the highest populations in London and the West Midlands.

2021 Census Insights

According to the 2021 Census, the Pakistani population in England has increased by 30% since the last census in 2011. This growth rate is higher than the overall population growth rate of England, which was 14% over the same period. The census also revealed that around 70% of Pakistanis in England were born outside of the UK, with the majority being first-generation immigrants.

In terms of age distribution, the Pakistani population in England is relatively young, with a median age of 29 years compared to the overall median age of 40 years for the population of England. The census also showed that around 60% of Pakistanis in England were of working age (16-64 years), with a higher proportion of men in employment than women.

Non-British Nationality Statistics

In addition to being the second-largest non-British nationality group, Pakistanis also have the highest proportion of non-British nationals among all ethnic groups in England. According to the Office for National Statistics, around 78% of Pakistanis in England hold a non-British nationality, compared to the overall average of 14% for all non-British nationals in England.

Furthermore, Pakistani immigrants to England have a higher fertility rate than the overall population, with an average of 3.1 children per woman compared to the national average of 1.7. This has contributed to the growth of the Pakistani population in England over the years.

Overall, the Pakistani population in England has grown significantly over the years, with a relatively young age distribution and a high proportion of non-British nationals. These demographic trends are likely to continue in the future, shaping the social, economic, and political landscape of England.

UK Immigration Process

If you are a Pakistani national planning to immigrate to the UK, it is important to understand the UK immigration process. The following sub-sections will provide you with an overview of the visa types and application process, requirements and documents, and UK Visas and Immigration.

Visa Types and Application Process

There are several types of UK visas available for Pakistani nationals, including work visas, study visas, family visas, and visitor visas. Each visa type has different eligibility requirements and application processes.

To apply for a UK visa, you will need to complete an online application form and pay the visa fee. You will also need to provide supporting documents, such as your passport, proof of finances, and proof of accommodation.

Requirements and Documents

To be eligible for a UK visa, you must meet certain requirements, such as having a valid passport, being of good character, and having enough money to support yourself during your stay in the UK.

You will also need to provide several documents as part of your visa application, including your passport, proof of finances, proof of accommodation, and a tuberculosis (TB) test certificate.

UK Visas and Immigration

UK Visas and Immigration (UKVI) is the government department responsible for managing the UK’s immigration system. UKVI processes visa applications, conducts interviews, and makes decisions on whether to grant or refuse visas.

If your visa application is successful, you will be issued with a visa vignette, which is a sticker placed in your passport. You will need to travel to the UK within the validity period of your visa vignette and collect your biometric residence permit (BRP) within 10 days of arriving in the UK.

In conclusion, understanding the UK immigration process is essential for Pakistani nationals planning to immigrate to the UK. Make sure you carefully review the eligibility requirements and application process for the visa type you are interested in, and provide all the necessary documents to increase your chances of a successful visa application.

Special Considerations for Pakistani Immigrants

If you are a Pakistani passport holder planning to immigrate to England, there are a few special considerations that you should keep in mind. In this section, we will discuss some of these considerations, including biometric information, priority visa service, and the COVID-19 pandemic impact.

Biometric Information

As a Pakistani immigrant, you will be required to provide biometric information as part of your visa application process. This includes fingerprints and a photograph. You will need to visit a visa application center to provide this information. You should make an appointment as soon as possible to avoid any delays in processing your application.

Priority Visa Service

If you need your visa application to be processed quickly, you may want to consider using the priority visa service. This service is available to Pakistani passport holders for an additional fee. With this service, your visa application will be put at the front of the queue, and you can expect a decision within five working days. However, please note that this service does not guarantee that your application will be approved.

COVID-19 Pandemic Impact

The COVID-19 pandemic has impacted visa processing times and procedures. You should check the latest guidance on visa processing times and procedures before submitting your application. You may also need to provide additional documentation, such as proof of vaccination or a negative COVID-19 test result. It is important to stay up-to-date with the latest guidance to avoid any delays or complications in your visa application process.

In summary, if you are a Pakistani passport holder planning to immigrate to England, you should be aware of the special considerations related to biometric information, priority visa service, and the COVID-19 pandemic impact. By staying informed and following the latest guidance, you can help ensure a smooth and successful visa application process.

Study and Work Opportunities

If you are a Pakistani national looking to study or work in the UK, there are several visa options available to you. In this section, we will discuss the two main visa categories: Student Visas and Business and Work Visas.

Student Visas

If you are interested in studying in the UK, you will need to apply for a Student Visa. To be eligible for a Student Visa, you must have been offered a place at a UK educational institution that is on the list of approved institutions. You must also be able to prove that you have enough money to support yourself during your stay in the UK.

Once you have been accepted to a UK educational institution, you can apply for a Student Visa. The visa will allow you to stay in the UK for the duration of your studies, and you may be able to work part-time during your studies or full-time during holidays.

Business and Work Visas

If you are interested in working in the UK, there are several visa options available to you. The most common visa categories are the Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa, the Tier 2 General Visa, and the Tier 5 Temporary Worker Visa.

The Tier 1 Entrepreneur Visa is for individuals who want to start a business in the UK. To be eligible for this visa, you must have access to at least £50,000 in investment funds and meet other criteria.

The Tier 2 General Visa is for individuals who have been offered a skilled job in the UK. To be eligible for this visa, you must have a job offer from a UK employer who has been approved by the UK government to sponsor foreign workers.

The Tier 5 Temporary Worker Visa is for individuals who want to work in the UK for a short period of time. There are several subcategories of this visa, including the Youth Mobility Scheme, which allows individuals from certain countries, including Pakistan, to work in the UK for up to two years.

In conclusion, if you are a Pakistani national looking to study or work in the UK, there are several visa options available to you. You should carefully consider your options and choose the visa that best suits your needs.

Immigration Challenges and Legal Support

If you are a Pakistani immigrant in England, you may face several challenges related to immigration. These challenges can range from obtaining a visa, navigating the immigration system, to dealing with potential deportation. It is essential to understand the immigration system and your rights as an immigrant to overcome these challenges.

Dealing with Immigration Issues

As an immigrant, you may face several immigration issues, such as obtaining a visa, extending your stay, or changing your status. These issues can be complex and require proper documentation and evidence to support your case. It is crucial to seek legal advice from an experienced immigration lawyer to help you navigate the immigration system.

If you are facing deportation, you should seek legal advice immediately. Deportation can have severe consequences, including separation from your family and losing your right to live and work in England. An immigration lawyer can help you challenge the deportation order and represent you in immigration court.

Role of Immigration Lawyers

Immigration lawyers play a crucial role in helping immigrants navigate the complex immigration system. They can provide legal advice, represent you in immigration court, and help you obtain the necessary documentation to support your case.

An immigration lawyer can also help you understand your rights as an immigrant in England. They can explain the immigration laws and regulations that apply to your case and help you make informed decisions about your immigration status.

In conclusion, navigating the immigration system as a Pakistani immigrant in England can be challenging. Seeking legal advice from an experienced immigration lawyer can help you overcome these challenges and ensure that your rights as an immigrant are protected.

Cultural Influence and Integration

Pakistani Culture in England

The Pakistani community has had a significant cultural influence on England since the first wave of Pakistani immigrants arrived in the country in the 1950s. Pakistani culture can be seen in many aspects of English society, from food and clothing to music and literature. Pakistani cuisine has become a staple in the English diet, with dishes such as biryani, samosas, and kebabs being popular among both Pakistani and non-Pakistani communities. Pakistani clothing, such as shalwar kameez and dupattas, is also becoming more common in England.

In addition to food and clothing, Pakistani music and literature have also made an impact on English culture. Pakistani musicians such as Nusrat Fateh Ali Khan and Abida Parveen have gained a following in England, and Pakistani literature, such as the works of Mohsin Hamid, has been widely read and recognized. Pakistani culture has also influenced English language, with words such as “bazaar” and “chutney” being adopted into the English language.

Contribution to National Health Service

The Pakistani community has made significant contributions to the National Health Service (NHS) in England. Pakistani immigrants have been working in the NHS since the 1950s, and many have become doctors, nurses, and other healthcare professionals. Pakistani healthcare professionals have played a vital role in providing healthcare services to the English population, particularly in areas where there is a shortage of healthcare workers.

In addition to providing healthcare services, the Pakistani community has also contributed to medical research in England. Pakistani researchers have made significant contributions to medical research in the country, particularly in the areas of infectious diseases and genetics. Pakistani researchers have also been involved in developing new treatments and therapies for a range of medical conditions.

Overall, the Pakistani community has had a significant cultural influence on England and has made important contributions to the National Health Service. The Pakistani community continues to play an important role in English society, and its contributions are likely to continue in the future.

Future Trends and Predictions

The future of immigration from Pakistan to England is a topic of interest for policymakers and researchers. According to the search results, it is predicted that the rate of immigration from Pakistan to England will decrease in the future. This is due to several factors, including changes in immigration policies, economic conditions, and social factors.

One of the main reasons for the predicted decrease in immigration is changes in immigration policies. The UK government has introduced several measures to reduce immigration, including stricter visa requirements, limits on family visas, and a reduction in the number of work visas. These policies are likely to have a significant impact on immigration from Pakistan to England.

Economic conditions are another factor that will influence future trends in immigration. The UK economy is currently facing several challenges, including Brexit, which is likely to have a negative impact on the economy in the short term. This may lead to a decrease in the demand for migrant workers, which could reduce the number of immigrants from Pakistan.

Social factors are also likely to influence future trends in immigration. The search results suggest that many Pakistani immigrants face significant challenges in integrating into British society. This may discourage future immigrants from coming to England, as they may be concerned about their ability to integrate and succeed in the country.

Despite these challenges, there are also several factors that could lead to an increase in immigration from Pakistan to England. For example, the search results suggest that there is a significant demand for skilled workers in the UK, particularly in sectors such as healthcare and technology. If the UK government were to introduce policies that make it easier for skilled workers from Pakistan to migrate to the UK, this could lead to an increase in immigration.

Overall, the future of immigration from Pakistan to England is uncertain, and it is difficult to make accurate predictions about future trends. However, by considering the various factors that are likely to influence immigration, policymakers can make informed decisions about how to manage immigration in the future.

Scroll to Top