Form N-400: The Complete Guide to Citizenship Application

Understanding Form N-400

If you are a non-U.S. citizen who wants to become a U.S. citizen, you will need to fill out and submit Form N-400, the Application for Naturalization. This form is used by the United States Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS) to determine if you meet the eligibility requirements for naturalization.

The Form N-400 is a lengthy and detailed form that requires you to provide information about your personal background, your immigration history, and your eligibility for naturalization. The form consists of 20 pages and includes 18 sections. Some of the sections require you to provide detailed information about your employment history, your education, your criminal history, and your travel history.

Before you start filling out the form, it is important to read the instructions carefully and make sure you understand all the requirements. The USCIS website provides detailed instructions on how to fill out the form, as well as a list of required documents and fees.

When filling out the form, it is important to be honest and accurate. Any false statements or misrepresentations on the form can result in the denial of your application or even deportation. If you are unsure about how to answer a question or what information to provide, it is best to seek the advice of an immigration attorney or a qualified immigration professional.

Once you have completed the form and gathered all the required documents, you can submit your application to the USCIS. The USCIS will review your application and schedule an interview with you to determine if you meet the eligibility requirements for naturalization.

In summary, Form N-400 is a critical document for anyone who wishes to become a U.S. citizen. By understanding the requirements and filling out the form accurately and honestly, you can increase your chances of a successful naturalization process.

Eligibility Criteria

To apply for U.S. citizenship using Form N-400, you must meet certain eligibility requirements. In this section, we will discuss the general eligibility criteria and the military service eligibility criteria.

General Eligibility

To be eligible to apply for U.S. citizenship using Form N-400, you must meet the following criteria:

  • You must be a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) of the United States.
  • You must be at least 18 years old at the time of filing the application.
  • You must have continuously resided in the United States for at least five years as a lawful permanent resident, with no single absence from the country lasting longer than one year.
  • You must have been physically present in the United States for at least 30 months out of the five years immediately preceding the date of filing the application.
  • You must be able to read, write, and speak basic English.
  • You must have a basic understanding of U.S. history and government.
  • You must be a person of good moral character.

Military Service Eligibility

If you are a current or former member of the U.S. armed forces, you may be eligible for expedited naturalization under the military service eligibility criteria. To be eligible, you must meet the following criteria:

  • You must have served honorably in the U.S. armed forces for at least one year.
  • You must be a lawful permanent resident (green card holder) of the United States.
  • You must have filed your application for naturalization while still in the military or within six months of your honorable discharge.

If you meet the military service eligibility criteria, you may be exempt from certain naturalization requirements, such as the continuous residence requirement and the physical presence requirement. Additionally, you may be able to take the Oath of Allegiance to the United States overseas, without having to travel to the United States to complete the naturalization process.

In summary, to be eligible to apply for U.S. citizenship using Form N-400, you must meet the general eligibility criteria and the military service eligibility criteria (if applicable). It is important to carefully review the eligibility requirements and ensure that you meet them before filing your application.

Filing and Management

Once you have completed your N-400 form and gathered all necessary supporting documents, it’s time to file your application. This section will provide you with information on how to file your application and manage it throughout the process.

Filing Methods

There are two ways to file your N-400 form: online or by mail. To file online, you must create an account on the USCIS website and complete the form electronically. You can also pay the filing fee online using a credit card or bank account. If you choose to file by mail, you must download and print the N-400 form, complete it by hand, and mail it to the appropriate USCIS Lockbox facility along with a check or money order for the filing fee.

Tracking Your Application

After you have filed your N-400 form, you can track the status of your application using your USCIS online account. You will receive an acceptance notice in the mail confirming that USCIS has received your application. The notice will include a receipt number that you can use to track your application online. You can also sign up for email or text message updates on your application status.

If you filed your application online, you can also track your application status using the USCIS online account. You will receive an email notification when your application has been accepted and when it is being processed. You can also check the status of your application online at any time using your USCIS online account.

Direct Filing Addresses

If you choose to file your N-400 form by mail, you must send it to the appropriate USCIS Lockbox facility based on your state of residence. You can find the direct filing addresses on the USCIS website. Make sure to include the correct filing fee and all necessary supporting documents with your application.

Manage Your Application

Once you have filed your N-400 form, it’s important to keep track of your application and manage it properly. If USCIS needs additional information or documents from you, they will send you a Request for Evidence (RFE) in the mail. You must respond to the RFE within the specified timeframe or your application may be denied.

If you move while your application is pending, you must notify USCIS of your new address within 10 days. You can do this by updating your USCIS online account or by calling the USCIS Contact Center. Failure to notify USCIS of your new address may result in delays or even denial of your application.

In conclusion, filing and managing your N-400 application is a crucial step in the naturalization process. Make sure to choose the filing method that works best for you, keep track of your application status, and respond promptly to any requests for additional information or documents. By following these guidelines, you can ensure a smooth and successful naturalization process.

Naturalization Process

If you are applying for US citizenship, you will need to go through the naturalization process. This process involves several steps, including an interview, civics and English tests, and background checks.

Interview Procedure

As part of the naturalization process, you will be required to attend an interview with a USCIS officer. During the interview, the officer will ask you questions about your application and your background. They will also test your English speaking and listening skills. You will need to bring a government-issued ID and a copy of your N-400 application to the interview.

Civics and English Tests

In addition to the interview, you will need to take a civics and English test. The civics test will cover topics such as the US Constitution, American history, and government. The English test will assess your ability to read, write, and speak English. You can find study materials for the civics and English tests on the USCIS website.

Background Checks

As part of the naturalization process, USCIS will conduct a background check on you. This check will include a review of your criminal history, as well as your immigration and employment records. You will need to submit fingerprints using Form FD-258 as part of the background check process.

It is important to note that some applicants may be exempt from certain aspects of the naturalization process, such as the English test or certain background checks. You can find more information on exemptions in the N-400 instructions.

Overall, the naturalization process can be complex and time-consuming. However, by following the instructions and preparing for the interview and tests, you can increase your chances of success.

Scroll to Top